Common Ocular Diseases

Common Refractive Disorders

Cataracts can develop from many causes, but aging is the primary risk factor. They are caused by the cummulative effects over one's lifetime from exposure to ultra-violet rays from the sun. Some types, however, are caused by certain medications, or by trauma or by radiation, and even others are congenital. Cataracts are removed surgically by an ophthalmologist and modern surgical results are amazingly good.

Age related macular degeneration (AMD) affects the macula, the part of the eye that allows you to see fine detail. In some cases, AMD advances so slowly that people notice little change in their vision. In others, the disease progresses faster and may lead to a loss of vision in both eyes.  Treatment can slow vision loss. It does not restore vision.

Eye Care

Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve, characterized by slow, progressive damage of the nerve over time, and, in many cases, elevated intra-ocular pressure. Glaucoma can lead to peripheral vision loss and blindness. There are many risk factors for glaucoma, chief among them are age, family history, ethnicity, pressure inside the eye, and corneal thickness. Glaucoma is generally treated with eye drops, although some recalcitrant forms require surgery. 

While most people schedule regular check-ups with their primary care physcians and dentists, many are not aware of the importance of an annual visit to the eye doctor. Regular eye exams are important to early detection and treatment of emerging vision problems, eye diseases and a number of other health issues. When you come to Jolly Good Eye Care for an eye exam, you will receive comprehensive service to help find and correct any vision or eye issue you may or may not be aware of. Don’t take good vision for granted, schedule an appointment today!

Diabetic Retinopathy refers to a group of eye problems that people with diabetes may face as a complication of diabetes. All can cause severe vision loss or even blindness. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina.  In severe cases, laser surgery is neccessary for treatment.


Myopia (nearsightedness) happens when light from a distant object focuses in front of the retina.

Hyperopia (farsightedness) happens when light from a distant object focuses behind the retina.

Astigmatism happens when a point of light from an object doesn't focus into a point image, but instead, forms two line foci and a blurred zone between. It's like the distortion one sees in a "fun-house" 

Presbyopia, or "eyes-over-forty," is a condition caused by the lens of the eye losing its elasticity with age.